Background[ edit ] President John F. Kennedy decided to travel to Texas to smooth over frictions in the Democratic Party between liberals Ralph Yarborough and Don Yarborough no relation and conservative John Connally.
Martin Luther King, Jr. James Earl Raya career small-time criminal who became the object of a more than two-month manhunt before he was captured in England, pled guilty to the shooting and received a year prison sentence.
The civil rights movement, the Vietnam Warand the antiwar movement all were in full swing as the year began. Johnsonwho had been a key ally in the effort to pass the Civil Rights Act of and the Voting Rights Act of King also took American capitalism to task and began portraying inequality in economic as well as racial terms.
Johnson talking with Martin Luther King, Jr. He had already begun to find himself betwixt and between. Many whites saw him as a dangerous radical.
On the other hand, despite his increasingly radical message, a growing number of militant African Americans had become impatient with his nonviolent methods and what they saw as a lack of success in his civil rights efforts in northern cities. It had been several years since his southern triumphs in the Montgomery bus boycottthe Birmingham campaignand the Selma March.
Before that could happen, other events of early interceded. The pervasiveness of this shocking assault and especially the images of fighting in and around the U. Eugene McCarthy in the March 12,Democratic presidential primary in New Hampshirefollowed by the announcement of the candidacy of Sen.
The situation changed after a pair of sanitation workers who had been sheltering from the rain by crouching inside the loading hopper of their garbage truck were crushed because of a malfunctioning switch.
This time the strike that resulted in response to their deaths was supported by some local clergymen. James Lawson, asked King, his friend, for support, and on March 18 King addressed a crowd of between 15, and 25, people, which was said to be the largest indoor gathering in the history of the civil rights movement to that date.
King returned to Memphis on March 28 to join Lawson in leading a march in support of the strike. Violence erupted early in the demonstration: King was reluctantly spirited away to safety.
Dozens of others were injured as police dispensed tear gas and wielded batons while pursuing demonstrators inside the Clayborn Temple. He met with representatives of the Invaders, who claimed not to have instigated the violence and with whom King agreed to coordinate efforts as plans began for a follow-up march.
Having returned to his home base in AtlantaKing contemplated not going back to Memphis. At a meeting on March 30, however, he decided that he needed to see through his commitment to the effort in Memphis, and, after some dissent, the leadership of the SCLC agreed.
The departure of his flight from Atlanta that morning had been delayed to allow a search of the luggage and plane for possible explosives. King was no stranger to death threats, but they had increased since he emphasized his opposition to the Vietnam War.
Indeed, before leaving for Memphis, King had informed his wife and parents that a price supposedly had been put on his head.
King was exhausted, had a sore throatand was feeling ill. With a thunderstorm raging that was anticipated to hold down the turnout, he sent his best friend and chief lieutenant, the Rev. Ralph Abernathyto speak in his stead.
When Abernathy arrived at the church, he found a larger-than-expected crowd buzzing with excitement at the prospect of hearing King. Abernathy telephoned King, asked him to come, and promised that he would give the major address, leaving King to say but a few words, and King agreed.
At the event, King spoke for more than 40 minutes, almost completely off the cuff, gathering energy and energizing his audience as he went, ultimately delivering one of his most emotionally soaring and rhetorically brilliant speeches. He then located the Memphis sanitation strike within the long struggle for human freedom and the battle for economic justice, evoking the New Testament parable of the Good Samaritan to stress the need for selfless involvement.
He called for unity, stressing the power it provided.
Finally, as he wound to a close, his speech became prophetic: Longevity has its place.Start studying s history unit Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
During Prohibition, John F.
Kennedy smuggled liquor into the United States from Canada. In the days immediately after Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated, riots broke out in over cities, with the worst riots. Political Turmoil Civil Rights Era, Vietnam War, Assassinations; John F.
Kennedy, Martin Luther King Jr., Young generation leads push for change, Racial integration, & Sexual revolution Know the various musical trends of this era. African American History Museum American History Museum Civil Rights Martin Luther King, Jr.
Political Leaders Politics Robert F. Kennedy Previous Article How One Museum Curator Is Bringing.
Conspiracy Thinking and the John F. Kennedy, Robert Kennedy and Martin Luther King Assassinations. A Racial Crime – James Earl Ray And The Murder Of Dr Martin Luther King Jr, was published in the United States by ArcheBooks in Robert F. Kennedy and Martin Luther King Jr were the results of conspiracies, a residue of . Conspiracy Thinking and the John F. Kennedy, Robert Kennedy and Martin Luther King Assassinations By Mel Ayton Mel Ayton is the author of The JFK Assassination: Dispelling The Myths (Woodfield Publishing ) and Questions Of Controversy: The Kennedy Brothers (University of Sunderland Press ). African American History Museum American History Museum Civil Rights Martin Luther King, Jr. Political Leaders Politics Robert F. Kennedy Previous Article How One Museum Curator Is Bringing.
Read Robert Kennedy's speech he gave in Indianapolis on Martin Luther King Jr.'s assassination. as provided by the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library: "What we need in the United States. The committee, which also investigated the death of Dr.
Martin Luther King Jr., issued its report on March 29, Assassination Records Collection Through the President John F. Kennedy Assassination Records Collection Act of , the US Congress ordered that all assassination-related material be housed together under supervision .
- In January of , John F. Kennedy, or usually known by his initials JFK, became the 35th President of the United States. He was sworn in at the young age of 43, becoming the youngest man elected to office and the first of the Roman Catholic faith.