Forty-nine of us, forty-eight men and one woman, lay on the green waiting for the spike to open. We were too tired to talk much. We just sprawled about exhaustedly, with home-made cigarettes sticking out of our scrubby faces. Overhead the chestnut branches were covered with blossom, and beyond that great woolly clouds floated almost motionless in a clear sky.
This would explain why their own governments so often fail. Also why, whenever existing governments are bad, Marxists immediately jump to the conclusion that they must be run by evil people who want them to be bad on purpose.
Mistake theorists treat politics as science, engineering, or medicine. The State is diseased.
Conflict theorists treat politics as war. Different blocs with different interests are forever fighting to determine whether the State exists to enrich the Elites or to help the People.
Mistake theorists view debate as essential. We all bring different forms of expertise to the table, and once we all understand the whole situation, we can use wisdom-of-crowds to converge on the treatment plan that best fits the need of our mutual patient, the State.
Who wins on any particular issue is less important creating an environment where truth can generally prevail over the long term. Conflict theorists view debate as having a minor clarifying role at best.
Mistake theorists treat different sides as symmetrical. Both sides have about the same number of people. Both sides include some trustworthy experts and some loudmouth trolls.
Both sides are equally motivated by trying to get a good economy. The only interesting difference is which one turns out after all the statistics have been double-checked and all the relevant points have been debated to be right about the matter at hand.
Conflict theorists treat the asymmetry of sides as their first and most important principle. The Elites are few in number, but have lots of money and influence.
The People are many but poor — yet their spirit is indomitable and their hearts are true. Politics is won or lost by how well each side plays its respective hand. Mistake theorists love worrying about the complicated and paradoxical effects of social engineering.
Did you know that anti-drug programs in school actually increase drug use? Did you know that many studies find raising the minimum wage hurts the poor? Did you know that executing criminals actually costs more money than imprisoning them for life?
Conflict theorists think this is more often a convenient excuse than a real problem. The Elites get giant yachts, and the People are starving to death on the streets. And just enough People believe this that nobody ever gets around to achieving economic justice, and the Elites buy even bigger yachts, and the People keep starving.
Mistake theorists think you can save the world by increasing intelligence. You make technocrats smart enough to determine the best policy. You make politicians smart enough to choose the right technocrats and implement their advice effectively.
And you make voters smart enough to recognize the smartest politicians and sweep them into office. Conflict theorists think you can save the world by increasing passion. The rich and powerful win because they already work together effectively; the poor and powerless will win only once they unite and stand up for themselves.
You want activists tirelessly informing everybody of the important causes that they need to fight for. You want community organizers forming labor unions or youth groups.
You want protesters ready on short notice whenever the enemy tries to pull a fast one. And you want voters show up every time, and who know which candidates are really fighting for the people vs.
For a mistake theorist, passion is inadequate or even suspect. Wrong people can be just as loud as right people, sometimes louder. All that passion does is use pressure or even threats to introduce bias into the important work of debate and analysis.
For a conflict theorist, intelligence is inadequate or even suspect. The supergenius is the guy with the PowerPoint presentation saying this will make the Yellowstone supervolcano erupt.
Mistake theorists think that free speech and open debate are vital, the most important things. Conflict theorists think of free speech and open debate about the same way a s Bircher would treat avowed Soviet agents coming into neighborhoods and trying to convince people of the merits of Communism.
Mistake theorists think racism is a cognitive bias. White racists have mistakenly inferred that black people are dumber or more criminal.FREE COURSE THE WORLD, THE JEWS AND THE SCIENCE OF HUMAN SURVIVAL Anti-Semitism, division, separation, violent conflicts and a general breakdown of the institutions of human society.
Use of Symbolism in Golding's Lord of the Flies Lord of the Flies, a suggestive name for the Devil, a devil whose name proposes that he is devoted to decay, destruction, demoralization and panic, exactly what William Golding had in mind when using symbolism in this novel. Essay on To what extent is Lord of the flies a pessimistic book?
Words | 15 Pages. To what extent is Lord of the flies a pessimistic book? Lord of the Flies highlights the flaws in human nature and shows how they affect the societies we create. Lord of the flies has a pessimistic atmosphere throughout.
From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes, the SparkNotes The Russian Revolution (–) Study Guide has everything you need to .
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Mao Zedong And Its Effect On Women - The woman’s role in China has drastically changed from the end of the Qing dynasty in , to the founding of the People’s Republic of China in , through to modern day society.