Yet when we visit these sights we normally forget that there are structures dotted in our landscape that make visiting and experiencing these marvels possible. These bridges which in most cases are unnoticed by any seasoned traveler bring communities together, enabling produce and relations to be established and sites which other wise would be passed by, noticed. And what was once separated by torrents of water, or treacherous ravines can now be accessed with ease with the presence of a bridge. No wonder throughout the course of history, bridges have played an integral part in the building of communities.
University of the Philippines Diliman - Institute of Civil Engineering xiii An Earthquake Impact Assessment for Iloilo City xiv An Earthquake Impact Assessment for Iloilo City Introduction The Philippines is a country beset by a range of natural hazards and experiences frequent, and severe, natural hazard events such as earthquakes, floods, landslides and typhoons.
Disaster risk reduction DRR is an area of emerging priority within the Philippines. There are many definitions of risk, but in broad terms disaster risk refers to the impact of natural hazards on communities, infrastructure, agricultural lands, economic indicators, etc.
For example, maps are frequently produced showing regions of high hazard - regions that are more or less likely to experience earthquakes, floods, typhoons, and so on e. However to really understand the potential impact of a Cape bojeador lighthouse principles of tourism disaster on a community, province, or country, it is necessary to move beyond this understanding of hazard to a more comprehensive understanding of the risks posed by natural hazards to its communities.
For example, earthquake risk assessments can provide information on which communities are most vulnerable to ground shaking or how many people would be left homeless by an earthquake of any given magnitude. REDAS currently models a range of potential earthquake hazards including ground shaking, tsunami inundation, liquefaction and landslides.
The REDAS tool was initially designed as a decision support tool for emergency responders located outside an earthquake disaster zone to provide an indication of the areas most likely to be affected following an event.
This use is particularly important, since lines of communication and transportation networks can often be cut to the most-affected communities for several days and possibly weeks following a major earthquake.
REDAS is now being routinely used by municipal planners for developing hazard-based land use plans and for long term disaster preparedness and mitigation. The study presented herein, is intended to enhance the damage estimation modules in REDAS so that it can compute impact to a suite of building types for an expected input ground-motion, as either a plausible earthquake scenario, or in response to future earthquakes.
An important underpinning component required to compute earthquake impact is a reliable building inventory.
In summary, this Project has: The pilot community was selected using the following criteria: The present report provides a large volume of electronic material. Appendix I outlines the directory structure of the attached electronic material. For earthquakes, the impact is typically measured by the vulnerability of buildings to ground-shaking intensity.
The building vulnerability can then be translated into human casualties owing to the collapse, or partial collapse of structures. In the natural hazard risk framework, both human population and the building stock are commonly referred to as exposure.
In natural hazard risk assessments, the hazard is typically defined as an event that has a specified impact footprint. In the case of hazard for a scenario earthquake, this footprint would represent the spatial area that experiences a given severity of ground-shaking, determined by the earthquake magnitude and the distance between the earthquake source and the location of interest.
The impact or loss resulting from a hazard event is defined as the convolution of the hazard, exposure and vulnerability Fig. The natural hazard risk or impact framework, showing the three key elements necessary to derive the impact of a natural hazard event; hazard, exposure and vulnerability.
While it is often impossible to reduce the hazard from any given event i. The software aims to provide quick and near real-time simulated earthquake hazard map information as a decision support tool for disaster managers during potentially damaging earthquakes.
The software also targets policy makers and to use REDAS as a tool for mainstreaming disaster risk reduction into the local development planning process Fig. Inputs required to model hazards are basic earthquake source and finite-fault parameters. In addition, the software also has the capability of superimposing output from other hazard assessments e.
Its potential to be multi-hazard risk assessment tool is being enhanced by the inclusion of building inventory and vulnerability modules and enhancing its modelling capability to address other natural hazards.
Participants in these training sessions are instructed how to build their own database of elements at risk using GPS and aerial imagery. The software is being continuously improved through feedback and input from users to further customise it to their needs Bautista et al.
The GMT software provides an open source collection of approximately 60 tools for manipulating geographic and Cartesian data sets and produces Encapsulated PostScript File EPS illustrations ranging from simple x-y plots via contour maps to artificially illuminated surfaces and 3-D perspective views.
Visual basic is used both to wrap the GMT commands, and because of its convenient graphic user interface, database searching and sorting capabilities. Other freeware used are Programmer's File Editor PFE as text editor to input data and bitmap digitizer for map digitization.The second workshop (WS2), held in Tagaytay March (Appendix IV), was scheduled to expand on principles introduced in WS1.
This workshop . manmade (e.g., Cape Bojeador Lighthouse in Ilocos Norte, the Capas Death March National Monument in T arlac) and indigenous or cultural attractions (e.g., Banaue Rice T erraces, Guling-guling. A Transportation and Tourism Summit was held in to formulate resolutions by the private and government sector on transport issues, marketing and product development, among others.
The resolutions were expected to serve as guiding principles for tourism . True Identity There comes a point in time in an individual’s life in which their name truly becomes a part of their identity.
A name is more than just a title to differentiate people; it is a part of the person. TOURISM CONTACT The Provincial Tourism Office can assist you in getting your itinerary together. Call Tourism Officer Angel Lao at +/ or to 20 loc You can also send an.
10 Responses to “Ilocos Norte: Revisiting Cape Bojeador Lighthouse and Bangui Windmills” Photo Cache December 20, this place has become a very popular spot. every single blogger i think had at least one post about this place.